a round black stone sitting in fireplaceCan you think of a time when someone wanted you to eat something new? Did you eat it? For many people, if they saw lefse on a plate, they would not know what it was. Lefse looks like a tortilla, but it tastes like potato! Lefse is a traditional Norwegian food that is still special to many Norwegian Americans today.

When Norwegians made lefse over 100 years ago, they made enough for an entire year! To make so much they needed the whole family to help. It took two days to make enough lefse for a year. Families made the dough on the first day by boiling and mashing potatoes with a little flour and cream. They then had to cool the dough overnight. One the second day, they rolled the dough and cooked it.

A woman dividing dough before making lefse
Lefse dough. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Making lefse required three specific tools: a special rolling pin, a lefse stone, and a lefse stick.

Once the dough was cool, families used a special rolling pin to roll the dough very flat. This rolling pin was special because it had tiny grooves on it. The lefse was ready to cook when it was so thin a newspaper could be read through it!

Lefse rolled thin and cooking on a griddle
Lefse dough rolled thin and cooking on a griddle. Image courtesy of Wikimedia commons.

The next tool used was the lefse stone. The stone was heated in a wood-burning stove. The stone would be removed from the fire once it was hot.  Families put the dough on the hot stone to cook. This step was tricky and took practice. There were no knobs to set the temperature on the stove. The stone had to be hot enough to cook, but it could not be too hot or it would burn the dough. Lefse-makers learned over many years how to tell if the stone was hot enough. Makers of lefse now use an electric lefse griddle to cook the dough instead of the stone. Do you think cooking the lefse is easier on a griddle?

The last tool was the lefse stick. This stick was a thin wood spatula. Like a pancake, when the dough had brown marks on it, it needed to be flipped over to cook the other side. To do that, people used the lefse stick. When the lefse was done cooking, it was placed it on a clean towel. Time to start the next batch!

Cooked lefse on plates ready to be eaten!
Cooked lefse on plates ready to be eaten! Image courtesy of Wikimedia commons.

Remember, in the past people made enough lefse to last a whole year. Since they couldn’t eat it all at once, they needed to store the extra lefse somewhere. This was before refrigerators and freezers. How do you think they saved lefse from getting moldy?

To keep the lefse from spoiling, the extra was stored either in wooden boxes or just covered with cloths and stacked. This process dried out the lefse so it would not mold. When family members wanted to eat lefse after it had dried out, they put it between two damp cloths until the lefse was soft.

an image showing a large flatbread
Ethiopian injera. Image courtesy of Wikimedia commons.

While lefse is Norwegian, it is similar to other ethnic flatbreads, like: tortillas within Central American cultures, crepes in France, naan for India, injera in Ethiopian, or pita in Mediterranean cultures. Like many breads, lefse is eaten plain or used as bread.  In a meal, you can try lefse in soups the same way you might add tortilla strips or crackers. Or for dessert, eat lefse at room temperature with butter, sugar, and cinnamon spread over it and folded in fours or rolled.

So would your try a bite of lefse?

Written by Joy Huntington, December 2018.


an image of the first page of the lefse stone lesson plan

Download Lefse Stone Lesson Plan

Cooking tool timeline handout

Norwegian lefse recipe handout


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