Old Abe’s Visual Legacy

Picture of Old Abe, the eagle, on the Case company logo
A felt patch showing Old Abe on a black background
Logo of the 101st Airborne “Screaming Eagles.” Image courtesy of Wisconsin Veterans Museum.

Old Abe began his career as a real, live eagle, serving as a mascot during the Civil War. In the decades that followed, the Grand Army of the Republic brought the bird on tours around the country. In the many years since Old Abe’s death in 1881, different groups of people have continued to use the bird’s image for their own various purposes.

In the American military, the image of Old Abe continues to appear. The 101st Airborne Division has used the eagle head in a logo for almost 100 years. While the 101st Airborne acquired live eagle mascots during World War II, none had the longevity or cultural resonance of Old Abe himself.

Given the origins of the mascot as a symbol of wartime pride, its continued use by the military is unsurprising. But Old Abe appeared in commercial applications as well: just a few years after the end of the Civil War, Jerome Increase Case used Old Abe as a part of his company’s logo. For a century, different interpretations of the Civil War mascot appeared alongside the company name—J.I. Case Threshing Machine Co., or just Case—to sell threshing machines and other equipment.

Image of a soldier in front of beige colored tents
Wisconsin veteran Jeff Carnes, 101st Airborne, pictured here during Operation Iraqi Freedom with the Old Abe shoulder patch visible. Jeff Carnes Collection, Wisconsin Veterans Museum.

Though Case ceased using Old Abe’s image in 1969 after a rebranding campaign, it is still possible to find modern interpretations of the Civil War mascot. In Madison, replicas of Old Abe are on display in both the Wisconsin State Assembly Room in the capitol building and in the display case in the Wisconsin Veterans Museum. Only a short distance away from the capitol square, yet another incarnation of Old Abe stands guard. This version graces the top of the Camp Randall Memorial Arch, near the iconic football stadium on the University of Wisconsin-Madison campus.

Black and white image showing a group of men in suits standing in front of the Camp Randal arch with Old Abe on top of the monument
Old Abe atop the Camp Randall Memorial Arch Civil War veterans in front of the Memorial Arch at Camp Randall. Herbert Bird Collection, Wisconsin Veterans Museum.

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About the Author

Rachel Gross


Notes

“Old Abe the War Eagle” Online Exhibit, Wisconsin Veterans Museum.


Object story created March, 2017

Featured image: Old Abe as the Case Company Logo. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.